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Czech language


The official language spoken in the Czech Republic is Czech, which belongs to the group of Slavic languages, all of which are Indo-European languages. Specifically, Czech is one of the West Slavic languages and is very similar to Slovak.

The origins of the Czech language date to the end of the 10th century, when Czech, just like other Slavic languages, began to separate from a common protolanguage – ancient Slavonic. The first written evidence of its existence comes from this period (e.g. the Czech proper nouns Myslata, Boleslav, and Mělník on Bohemian denarius from the turn of the 10th and 11th centuries). Evidence of its existence did not begin to mount until the second half of the 12th century. Thus it is only possible to consider Czech as a historically documented language from this time.

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Few useful words and phrases

  • Hello / Good Morning - Dobrý den (if greeting an unknown person or a person older than you; used at any time of the day)
  • Hello / Hi - Ahoj (if greeting an acquaintance or friend, common among young people)
  • Good Bye - Na shledanou (if saying good bye to an unknown person or a person older than you)
  • Bye - Ahoj, čau
  • Good night - Dobrou noc
  • Yes – Ano
  • No – Ne
  • Thank you – Děkuji
  • How are you? - Jak se máš? (more personal in Czech)
  • You’re welcome - Prosím / Není zač
  • Help me, please - Pomozte mi, prosím
  • Excuse me - Promiňte / S dovolením
  • I’m sorry - Promiňte / odpusťte
  • Do you speak English? - Mluvíte anglicky?
  • I don’t speak Czech - Nemluvím česky
  • I don’t understand – Nerozumím
  • I see/understand - Chápu / Rozumím
  • I’m lost (man) - Ztratil jsem se
  • I’m lost (woman) - Ztratila jsem se
  • I need a doctor! - Potřebuji doktora!
  • I need to make a phone call - Potřebuji si zavolat
  • I’m looking for a hospital - Hledám nemocnici
  • Call the police! - Zavolejte policii!
  • Where is ... - Kde je ...
  • Is it far? - Je to daleko?
  • Is it near? - Je to blízko?
  • Entrance - Vchod
  • Exit - Východ
  • Information centre - Informační centrum
  • Toilets - Toalety
  • Men/Women - Muži/Ženy
  • What time is it? - Kolik je hodin?
  • Shopping, Food - Nakupování, potraviny
  • Water - Voda
  • Milk - Mléko
  • Bread - Chléb
  • I like it (about food) - Chutná mi to
  • Bon appétit - Dobrou chuť
  • How much is it (price)? - Kolik to stojí?
  • See you later - Uvidíme se později


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